Risk Disclosure Agreement
The disclosure is given on behalf of Inuvest financial technologies private limited, hereinafter referred to as ‘Inuvest’ or ‘the Company’. The Company owns the intellectual rights of this platform ‘1lyOptions’, a derivatives analytics platform for regular traders in Indian exchange.
The Company is a SEBI registered research analyst entity (INH000012403) and adheres to the rules and regulations as laid out by SEBI.
General Markets Risks
Trading generally is not appropriate for someone of limited resources and/or limited investment or trading experience or someone with low-risk tolerance. The risk of loss in trading options or other securities can be substantial. Consider all relevant risk factors, including your own personal financial situation, before engaging in any trading. The possibility exists that you could sustain a substantial loss which could total more than your initial investment in a short period of time. Therefore you should not invest money that you cannot afford to lose. In particular, you should not fund options trading activities with retirement savings, student loans, second mortgages, emergency funds, or funds required to meet your living expenses.
If you have any questions or concerns regarding the risks associated with trading, you should confer with a trusted and reliable, independent financial advisor.
Options are widely considered a volatile investment class and are priced according to complex factors involving (among other factors) price, the volatility of the underlying asset, time until expiration, and interest rates. By their nature, therefore, options involve a high degree of financial risk. Risks associated with acquiring options include (without limitation):
(i) the risk of losing your entire investment increases as the option goes out of the money and as expiration approaches;
(ii) the risk that certain options do not have secondary markets on which to sell them, meaning that their value can only be realised upon expiration;
(iii) the risk that a particular option contract may have specific exercise provisions that create additional risk;
(iv) regulatory agencies may impose regulations or rules that impair your ability to realise value from options; and
(v) the risk of losing your entire investment in a relatively short period of time.
You should familiarise yourself with the type of Options (i.e. put or call) that you contemplate trading and the risks associated with them (not all of which are captured in this disclosure statement). In addition, options (unlike several other classes of securities) expire, thereby losing any value they might have if not sold or exercised prior to that expiration. This imposes a particular obligation on an options trader to ensure that his or her options are traded or exercised in a timely fashion.
Claims about Options Trading
Be wary of advertisements or other claims of large profits in options trading. While options trading can offer opportunities for potential gains, it is essential to approach any promises of substantial profits with caution and scepticism.
Advertisements or claims of large profits in options trading often highlight exceptional scenarios which may not be representative of typical or average results. It is crucial to understand that trading involves inherent risks, and there are no guarantees of consistent or extraordinary profits.
Furthermore, the performance of options trades can be influenced by various factors, including market conditions, volatility, economic events, and individual trader decisions. The potential for profits also comes with an inherent risk of losses. It is important to carefully assess the risk-reward ratio, as well as other potential factors, of each trade and establish appropriate risk management strategies. It is crucial to exercise due diligence and critically evaluate any investment opportunity or trading strategy before making decisions. Independent research and analysis are essential to understand the risks associated with options trading fully.
Remember, trading involves uncertainties, and the outcome of any trade cannot be guaranteed. The potential for profits in options trading is always accompanied by the risk of losses. It is important to only trade with funds that you can afford to lose and to establish a diversified portfolio that aligns with your financial goals, risk tolerance, and investment horizon.
Options, and the trading of options, are typically governed by a series of complex contracts. The intent of the legal documents and contracts might be unclear, and even clear drafting could be misconstrued by counterparties or by judges and arbitrators. A dispute over the interpretation of any of these documents or contracts could arise, which may result in unenforceability of the contract or other outcome that is adverse to you.
Options relate to underlying securities whose identifying characteristics, such as ticker symbols or other attributes, may change with little warning. A company might undergo a stock split, reverse stock split, spin-off, consolidation, or other corporate transaction that could affect the value of its equity interests independently of market trading. This, in turn, might have an effect on the effectiveness of your option positions. The Company is not obligated to provide you information regarding any change to the capital structure or other change to underlying issuers, and you are responsible for performing your own research in connection with the issuers to which your options relate.
General Economic and Market Conditions
The options market will be affected by general economic and market conditions, as well as by changes in laws, currency exchange controls, and international, national, and regional political and socio-economic circumstances. The options market may be sensitive to general swings in the overall economy or particular industries or geographies. Factors affecting economic conditions, including, for example, inflation rates, currency devaluation, exchange rate fluctuations, industry conditions, competition, technological developments, domestic and worldwide political, military and diplomatic events and trends, and innumerable other factors outside of your control and that of the Company, which can materially and adversely affect the availability or desirability of segments of the options market.
Regulators of Options and the Options Market
The regulators (SEBI), exchanges, brokers or the options markets themselves may, in the future impose additional restrictions on option trading. This could have an adverse effect on your existing portfolio of options or your options-trading generally.
The trading can impose tax burdens and tax filing obligations on trade participants. Such considerations are complex and highly personal. You are urged to consult with your tax advisors with respect to your tax situation and the effect of engaging in trading.
The trading of options or other derivatives contracts will leave you exposed to the risk that third parties that owe you money, securities, or other assets will not perform their obligations. These parties include trading counterparties, brokers, clearing agents, exchanges, clearinghouses, custodians, and other financial intermediaries. These parties may default on their obligations to you or to another third party due to bankruptcy, lack of liquidity, internal failure, or other reasons. Even outside these risks, certain counterparties (such as brokers, exchanges, and other intermediaries) may charge you commissions or impose other transaction expenses on you, which will be payable even if the associated transaction is not profitable. Accordingly, when trading, you should determine the extent to which the value of the trade must increase for your position to become profitable, taking into account all transaction costs.
Past Results Are No Guarantee of Future Performance
There can be no assurance as to any particular financial outcome based on the use of the Website. Past results of any individual trader, trading system, strategy or backtest published by the Company are not indicative of future returns that may be realized by that individual trader, trading system, strategy, or you. Similarly, it should not be assumed that the methods, techniques, or indicators presented in these products and/or services will be profitable or that they will not result in losses. Any earnings or income statements or examples shown in the Information or through the Website are only estimates or past performances and are provided only for informational purposes.
Risks Associated with Investment Activity
Below are these risk which you should consider while using this platform.
The Website is not a trading platform, nor does it allow you to trade options or other securities; it instead is a portal through which you may be able to, if desired, access your personal brokerage account that you maintain with a third-party broker. You should refer to the brokerage agreement between your broker and you for how, if at all, any losses arising from these risks are allocated between your broker and you, for which the Company bears no responsibility. Delays within and between your system, as well as those of your broker and the market in which you are seeking to effect trades, might cause orders, corrections, and cancels to be placed or not placed in ways that are not desired. You may receive incorrect information, or be unable to get information about your orders, your positions, or market conditions. Incorrect actions may be taken, or correct actions may not be taken because of inaccurate or missing information.
No Assurance of Investment Return
The Company cannot provide assurance that you will be able to make and realise trades in options in any particular company or portfolio of companies. There is no assurance that you will be able to generate returns or that the returns will be commensurate with the risks of investing in options generally, or that you will receive a return of its capital. Trading stocks or options should only be considered by persons who can afford a loss of their entire investment. Neither the Company nor any Company Person has made any representations as to the physical, mental, emotional, spiritual or health benefits, future income, expenses, sales volume or potential profitability or loss of any kind that may be derived as a result of your accessing of, or use of, the Information or the Website. The Company cannot and does not guarantee that you will attain a particular result, positive or negative, financial or otherwise, through your access of or use of the Information (including, without any limitation, any Information) and the Website.
No Investment Advice
The Company is a SEBI registered Research Analyst (mentioned earlier), it should not be confused as an advisor. The analytics on this platform (1lyOptions) is based on the technical know-how from the perspective of a research analyst and its recommendations/reports shall not be taken as an investment advise. The Company strongly recommends that you seek the advice of your licensed financial, investment, tax, legal or other professional advisors to determine the suitability of any investment.
No Legal, Accounting, or Financial Advice
The Information and the Website are not intended to be perceived as, or relied upon, as legal, accounting, or financial advice. The Company is not a law firm, accounting firm, or financial advisory firm and does not provide legal, accounting, or financial advice. The information provided through the Information and the Website is not intended to be a substitute for the professional advice that can be provided by your own accountant, lawyer, or financial advisor.
The Company is SEBI registered Investment Research entity (INH000012403) and adheres to the regulations as laid out for Research analysts.
Risks Involving the Information, the Website, and this Agreement
Assumption of Risk
As with all situations, unknown individual risks and circumstances can arise during the use of the Information and the Website that cannot be foreseen, and that can influence or reduce results. You recognize and agree that any mention of any suggestion or recommendation contained, or that you believe to be contained in the Information or the Website is to be taken at your own sole risk, with no liability on the Company or any Company Person’s part.
Errors and Omissions
The Information and the Website may contain inaccuracies or typographical errors. The Company is not responsible for the views, opinions, or accuracy of facts referenced on or through the Information or the Website, or of those of any other individual or company affiliated with the Company or any Company Person in any way. The Company is not responsible for the accuracy of the Information or the Website, or for any errors or omissions that may occur in connection therewith.
The Company does not guarantee that your access to the Information and the Website will not be suspended or restricted from time to time, including (without limitation) to allow for repairs, maintenance or updates, as a result of third-party denial-of-service or other attacks, or through circumstances outside the Company’s reasonable control. To the fullest extent permitted by law, we will not be liable to you for damages or refunds, or for any other recourse, should any Information or the Website become unavailable or should access to them becomes slow or incomplete for any reason, such as (without limitations) system back-up procedures, internet traffic volume, upgrades, overload of requests to the servers, general network failures or delays, or any other cause which may from time to time make the Information or the Website inaccessible to you.
Reporting or Displaying Financial Data
The Website displays historical and current financial information about individual companies or instrument and users’ options strategies in, among other places, its “Tickers”, “Win Rates”, "Expected Value (EV)", "Alpha", Probability of Profit (POP)", "Rate of Return (ROR)", and “Bullish/Bearish” indicators. These and all other financial data reported on the Website which are proprietary data and subject to the quality of the data procured from third party sources whose accuracy has not been independently verified by the Company. The users should rely on that information with caution when making their own independent investment decisions.
Some financial data or displays may be the product of backtesting, where an option strategy or trading algorithm is applied historically to an earlier market period. While this may prove educational or entertaining, backtesting should never be completely relied upon for making investment decisions about strategies or systems as that strategy or time period may have been chosen to highlight a particular process or effect, and/or backtesting in general relies on historical information which cannot predict future markets. Users should exercise caution and discretion when reviewing financial data on the Website, whether provided by the Company or other users, and should not only use that data as the basis for any independent investment decision.
Earnings & Dividend Data
The Website displays historical, current, and estimated financial information about individual companies, including but not limited to, earnings dates, earnings announcement time, estimated earnings per share (EPS), estimated revenue, ex dividend date, dividend amount, yield, pay date, record date, among other data (the “Earnings and Dividend Data”). These and all other Earnings and Dividend Data reported on the Website come from third-party sources whose accuracy has not been independently verified by the Company. The information obtained from sources is believed to be accurate and reliable, however, the Company does not guarantee or warrant: (a) the accuracy, authenticity, timeliness, reliability, appropriateness, correct sequencing or completeness of this Earnings and Dividend Data; or (b) that the Website Information as a result is free from errors or other material defects. Furthermore, the Company does not represent or warrant the Earnings and Dividend Data, or access to the Earnings and Dividend Data, or that access will be uninterrupted or error-free, or that errors in the Earnings and Dividend Data will be corrected.
References or links in the Information and the Website to the information, opinions, advice, programs, products, or services of any other individual, business, or entity do not constitute a formal endorsement by the Company of such other person. The Company is not responsible for the website content, blogs, e-mails, videos, social media, programs, products, and/or services of any other person, business, or entity that may be linked or referenced in my Website. Conversely, should the Information or a Website link appear in any other individual’s, business’s or entity’s website, program, product, or services, such appearance does not constitute the Company’s endorsement of them, their business, or their website.
From time to time, the Company may promote, affiliate with, or partner with other individuals or businesses whose Information or Website align with the Company’s. In some cases in connection therewith, the Company may receive financial compensation or other consideration from such individuals or businesses. You acknowledge that such promotion or marketing by the Company does not serve as any form of endorsement of such product or service whatsoever. You acknowledge and agree that you are still required to use your own judgment to determine that any such program, product, or service is appropriate for you and that you assume all risks in connection with your use of any program, product, or service that may promote, market, share or sell on or through the Website.
The Website may present experiences, testimonials, and insights by users of our products and/or services. Such experiences reflect the opinions of such users and are provided for the purposes of illustration only. The experiences are personal to those particular users and may not necessarily be representative of all users of our products and/or services. We do not claim, and you should not assume that all users will have the same experiences. YOUR INDIVIDUAL RESULTS MAY VARY. They appear on the Website as given by the users, except for the correction of grammar or typing errors. Some testimonials may have been shortened for the sake of brevity, where the full testimonial contained extraneous information not relevant to the general public. The views and opinions contained in the testimonials belong solely to the individual user and do not reflect our views and opinions.
In the event of any dispute arising out of or in relation to this Agreement, the Information or the Website, it shall be resolved by arbitration in India, before a sole arbitrator appointed by Inuvest or an independent arbitration institution designated by Inuvest. Arbitration shall be conducted in accordance with the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996. The seat of arbitration shall be Bengaluru, and the courts at Bengaluru shall exercise supervisory jurisdiction. This may limit the remedies available to you in the event of a dispute. You fully understand and agree that by accessing or using the Information and the Website (including, without limitation, by enrolling in, purchasing, and/or using any of the Information) that you are thereby voluntarily waiving certain legal rights.
Links to Other Websites; Third-Party Information and Websites
The Website or Information may provide links and pointers to other websites maintained by third parties that may take you outside of the Website or Information. These links are provided for your convenience, and the inclusion of any link in the Information or Website to any other website does not imply our endorsement, sponsorship, or approval of that website or its owner. We do not endorse, and we are not responsible for the views, opinions, facts, advice, or statements provided by external resources referenced in the Website or the Information, or their accuracy or reliability. We assume no responsibility for errors or omissions caused by other websites that may be included in the Information or the Website. We have no control over the contents or functionality of those websites and so we accept no responsibility for any loss, damage, or otherwise, that may arise from your use of them, and therefore we do not guarantee the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any other website or their content. It is your responsibility to review the terms and conditions and privacy policies of those linked websites to confirm that you understand and agree with those policies.
Relation to Other Risk Disclosures
User’s Human Error in User Automations
Your design or use of User Automations may be subject to user error. Such errors could include entering incorrect fields (including ticker symbols) or inadvertently turning the User Automations “on” or “off.” Even if your User Automation works as intended, it could produce adverse results through non-optimal strategies or “setting and forgetting.”
Counterparty Risk of User Automations
Even if your User Automation is working as expected, your broker may reject orders in error or by design, incorrectly execute orders, or induce errors through unexpected behavior (such as returning messages out of sequence, incorrectly acknowledging orders, or posting incorrect execution reports).
Risks Involving Templates and Strategies
Although the Website provides you with access to option or stock trading templates and/or samples as an educational feature, the Company makes no endorsements or representations about their use in active trading or the trading or investment strategy that these templates and/or samples represent or might be believed to represent. The Company does not intend for these templates and/or samples to be used in active trading and gives no representations about the results that would occur should they be so used and makes no warranty or guarantee as to their future performance or profitability.
Top Strategies Statistics
The performance statistics provided for the "Top Strategies" are for informational purposes only and should not be considered as investment advice. As a non-registered investment advisor or broker, we do not provide personalized investment recommendations or endorse any specific trading strategies. The "Top Strategies" database ranks options trading strategy setups based on historical data over the last 90 days. The rankings provide educational insights into the historical performance of specific options trading setups used by other traders within our community. The performance statistics, including average rate of return, win rates, average profitability of profit, average profit or loss, and any other metrics displayed, are based on historical data and past performance. It is important to remember that past performance is not indicative of future results.
The instruments/strategies displayed in the "Recommendations" are instruments/strategies which have historically outperformed. Each trader should carefully evaluate and assess the risks associated with using any specific strategy before making any decisions. The use of the "Recommendations" should be for education purposes only and the adoption of any specific strategy as a result of viewing “Recommendations” or the data contained within it, does not guarantee any specific outcomes or profitability. It is crucial for traders to conduct their own research, consider their financial situation, risk tolerance, and seek professional advice if needed. Therefore, traders should exercise caution and thoroughly understand the potential risks involved in options trading and make informed decisions based on your own analysis and judgment and any modifications made to a trading strategy, as it can significantly impact the performance and results achieved.
Relation to Other Risk Disclosures
The use of trading templates could be used in the trading of options and stocks, and accordingly, their use is subject to the “General Marketplace Risks” and “Risks Associated with Investment Activity,” and all other relevant risks, as set forth in this Risk Disclosure Agreement.
Risks Involving Broker Integrations
The Company may provide Application Programming Interface (“API”) integrations with one or more brokers through which users may choose to communicate with such brokers (including, potentially, placing orders with such brokers) (such connections, collectively, "Integrations"). Integrations are technically complex and involve the collaboration of both the Company and the broker associated with an Integration. Integrations may be subject to errors from the Company side, from the broker side, or from unknown origin. While the Company strives to minimize such errors, the complexity of the project, and the role of third parties and emergent events, means that the Company cannot, and does not, guarantee the availability or error-free performance of an Integration. Similarly, the Company cannot, and does not, guarantee that communications through an Integration will be carried out, or will be carried out as expected by a user, or lead to results expected by a user. All users are responsible for independently confirming that all communications through an Integration have been accepted and implemented by the associated broker without error. Additionally, all users may at any time cancel or refrain from using an Integration, and users retain the ability to trade independently of any Integration. Users should weigh the respective benefits of these alternatives when deciding whether to use any Integration.
For purposes of these disclosures, a “broker,” also known as a brokerage firm or a broker-dealer, is an entity that is permitted to buy and sell securities for its clients under applicable state and federal law, typically through that broker’s membership in a securities exchange. Even if the Company operates an Integration without error, counterparty risks exist on the broker's side. A broker's system may have errors that prevent a communication from being timely communicated or that changes a communication in a way unintended by the user. Brokers may not devote sufficient resources to running, monitoring and trouble-shooting an Integration. Brokers may offer limited or no remedies for errors arising from an Integration, which could include deleted or modified orders from a user. Each broker operates completely independently of the Company, and so the Company has no way of ascertaining that a broker is correctly running its end of an Integration, or that user communications are being appropriately received and acted upon. At any time a broker or the Company may decide to terminate the Integration with little or no notice to each other or the user. The risk of using an Integration lies solely with the user, and the user agrees that the Company will not provide any refund or other remedy if an Integration terminates, is unavailable for any period of time, errs or otherwise fails to operate properly, or changes its terms adversely to the user.